Canada

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Notes

Parliamentary term: Continuous (The dissolution of Parliament discharges Senators from their parliamentary duties until the next Parliament assembles).
Durée du mandat parlementaire : Continue (la dissolution du Parlement excuse les sénateurs de leurs fonctions parlementaires jusqu’à ce que le Parlement se réunisse à nouveau.
Parliament name
Parliament of Canada - Parlement du Canada
Chamber name
Senate (Senate)
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Upper chamber

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1912 to 1933
from 1960
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Asia-Pacific Group
Twelve Plus Group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Speaker of the Senate
Speaker
Raymonde Gagné (Female)
Year of birth
1956
Term
12.05.2023
Additional information
Appointed on 12 May 2023.
As the Speaker of the Senate serves at the pleasure of the Prime Minister, there is no set term.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Interim Clerk of the Senate and Clerk of the Parliaments
Secretary General
Gérald Lafrenière (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 31 Dec. 2020.

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Appointed members Appointed, for example, by the Head of State.
105
Note on the statutory number of members
Appointed by the Governor General on the recommendation of the Prime Minister.
Senators serve until they are 75 years old.
See historical data for this field.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
97
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
43
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
54
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
55.67% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
Population (in thousands)
Click for historical data
See historical data for this field.

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
65.85
See historical data for this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Patrick Brazeau (Male)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
74
Oldest member
Lillian Eva Dyck (Female)
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 0 0 1 2 17 45 27 0 0
Total <= 45: 1 Total >= 46: 91
Male 0 0 0 0 1 8 23 15 0 0 47
Female 0 0 0 1 1 9 22 12 0 0 45
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0%0%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger0%0%0%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger1.09%0%1.09%
Members for whom data is available
92 See historical data for this field.

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.