Finland

Parliament

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
02.04.2023
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
29.03.2023
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.04.2027
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
200
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
2,424
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
1,385
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
1,039
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
42.86%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
22

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
4,277,487
Votes Number of people who actually voted
3,075,963
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
71.91%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The National Coalition Party (KOK), led by Mr. Petteri Orpo, came first, taking 48 seats in the 200-member parliament. It took 10 more seats than the previous elections held in 2019. The Finns Party (PS), led by Ms. Riikka Purra, also increased its share of seats from 39 to 46 and became the second largest force. The Social Democratic Party (SDP), led by Prime Minister Sanna Marin (see note), also won more seats but finished third. Ms. Marin conceded defeat. On 16 June, Mr. Orpo announced a coalition government involving his KOK, The Finns Party (PS), the Swedish People’s Party of Finland and the Christian Democrats (KD). The new government took office on 20 June.

The 2023 elections were held against the backdrop of the war in Ukraine that started in February 2022. Of the European Union members, Finland shares the longest border with Russia. In May 2022, Finland submitted its application to join NATO and joined officially the Organization on 4 April 2023. The war in Ukraine has increased the cost of living in Finland and the country’s public debt. The major electoral issues in 2023 were the economy, policies to curb deficit spending and immigration. On 12 April 2023, the newly elected Parliament held its first session and elected Mr. Orpo as its Acting Speaker, who will lead Parliament until the formation of the new government. The following day, President Sauli Niinistö officially opened the new Parliament. He stated that the era of Finland’s military non-alignment had come to an end and underscored the major role that Parliament would play in Finland as a NATO member.

Note:
Ms. Marin had succeeded Mr. Antti Rinne in December 2019 at the age of 34 thereby becoming Finland’s youngest prime minister.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
9
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
40.91%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
24%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
4
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
National Coalition Party (KOK), The Finns Party (PS), the Swedish People’s Party of Finland and the Christian Democrats (KD)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
National Coalition Party (KOK) 48
The Finns Party (PS) 46
Social Democratic Party (SDP) 43
Center Party (KESK) 23
The Greens 13
Left Alliance (Vas) 11
Swedish People’s Party of Finland 9
Christian Democrats (KD) 5
Movement Now (Liike Nyt) 1
Others 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
108
Number of women elected
92
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
46%
Women Directly Elected
92

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
108
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
92
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
55
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
13.04.2023
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Jussi Kristian Halla-aho (Male)
Political party
The Finns Party (PS)
Date of election
21.06.2023