Cambodia

SenateNational Assembly

National Assembly

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
23.07.2023
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.07.2028
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
125
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
Prime Minister Hun Sen's Cambodian People's Party (CPP) won 120 of the 125 seats in the National Assembly. FUNCINPEC , a pro-government party led by Prince Norodom Chakravuth, took the remaining five seats. The 2023 elections were held without the participation of the main opposition party, the Candle Light Party (CLP, see note 1), which was barred from participating in the elections by the National Election Committee (NEC). Shortly after the elections, the UN human rights chief and several independent UN human rights experts said a range of serious human rights violations and severe restrictions on civic and political space affected the credibility of the 2023 election.



Many prominent opposition figures are in exile and in some cases have been tried in absentia, or are serving hefty prison terms in Cambodia, which has de facto banned them from political life.



On 21 August, the newly elected National Assembly elected Ms. Khuon Sudary (CPP) as its new President, who thereby became the first woman in Cambodia to assume the post. She succeeded Mr. Heng Samrin who had held the post since 2006. The National Assembly then elected Mr. Hun Manet (CPP) – the son of the long-serving Prime Minister Hun Sen (see note 2) – as the new Prime Minister, marking the first transition of power since 1985. On 22 August, the new Prime Minister and his Cabinet took office under the auspice of King Norodom Sihamoni.



Note 1:

The CLP, led by Mr. Kong Monika, was initially formed as the Khmer Nation Party in 1995 by Mr. Sam Rainsy. The Khmer Nation Party was renamed as the Sam Rainsy Party then in 2012 joined with the Human Rights Party (led by Mr. Kem Sokha) to form the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP). The CNRP was dissolved by the Supreme Court in 2017 . Shortly before this ruling, the Sam Rainsy Party changed its name to the “Candle Light Party” in order to comply with the Law on the Amendment of the Law on Political Parties. 

The CLP participated in the 2022 communal elections. On 16 May 2023, the National Election Committee refused to register the CLP for the parliamentary elections, claiming it had failed to submit its original registration documentation with the Ministry of the Interior. 

Most of the 18 parties that contested in the 2023 elections were allies of the ruling CPP. Opposition leaders in exile called on supporters to boycott the election or cast invalid ballots. In June 2023, the Government enacted a series of amendments to the electoral law, including the one that penalizes citizens who do not vote. Only those who voted in the two preceding elections will be allowed to stand for the following election. 



Note 2: 

The Prime Minister stated that he would run for Senate President in the next elections to the Senate, scheduled in 2024.
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
96%
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Cambodian People's Party (CPP) 120
United National Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful and Co-operative Cambodia (FUNCINPEC) 5
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
112
Number of women elected
13
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
10.4%
Women Directly Elected
13

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
112
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
13
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
21.08.2023
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Khuon Sudary (Female)
Political party
Cambodian People's Party (CPP)
Date of election
22.08.2023