Bulgaria

National Assembly

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
02.04.2023
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
02.02.2023
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.04.2027
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
240
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
5,601
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
4,260
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
1,341
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
23.94%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
14
Notes
In all, 15 parties registered for the April 2023 elections; however, one of them did not register its candidate list. Seven coalitions contested the elections.

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
6,594,593
Votes Number of people who actually voted
2,679,234
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
40.63%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
Bulgaria held its fifth election in two years, only six months after the previous poll in October 2022 (see note). As with the four previous elections held in 2021 and 2022, no party won a majority in the 240-member National Assembly. The Citizens for the European Development of Bulgaria – Union of Democratic Forces (GERB–UDF), the party of the former Prime Minister Boyko Borisov, remained the largest force in the new legislature. It took 69 seats, two more than in the 2022 elections. We Continue the Change, led by former Prime Minister Kiril Petkov, formed an electoral alliance with Democratic Bulgaria. They came second, winning 65 seats.

On 10 April, President Rumen Radev convened the new legislature for 12 April. It failed to elect a new Speaker for two consecutive days. On 18 April, the two largest parties reached agreement on the Speaker. On 19 April, the National Assembly elected Mr. Rosen Zhelyazkov (GERB–UDF) as its new Speaker.

On 13 June, the National Assembly approved a coalition government comprising GERB–UDF and We Continue the Change – Democratic Bulgaria. The coalition agreement stipulates that Mr. Nikolai Denkov from We Continue the Change shall assume the premiership for nine months and that Ms. Mariya Gabriel (GERB–UDF) shall take over for the next nine months. The agreement does not specify who will lead the government after 18 months. The constitutional term of the National Assembly is four years as of April 2023.

The 2023 elections were held against the backdrop of the war in Ukraine that started in February 2022. Key electoral issues in 2023 included the country’s relations with Russia and the European Union, particularly Bulgaria’s accession to the eurozone and the Schengen visa zone.

Note:
The 2023 snap elections followed a stalemate when attempting to form a new government after snap elections in 2022. On 2 February 2023, President Radev dissolved parliament and called early elections for 2 April. He did this after three parties (GERB-UDF, We Continue the Change, and the Bulgarian Socialist Party) gave up on forming a coalition government. He appointed a caretaker government with Galab Donev as Prime Minister.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
6
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
42.86%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
28.75%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
2
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria Party (GERB) - Union of Democratic Forces (UDF), We Continue the Change - Democratic Bulgaria
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria Party (GERB) - Union of Democratic Forces (UDF) 69
We Continue the Change - Democratic Bulgaria 64
Revival (Vuzrazhdane) 37
Movement for Rights and Freedoms (DPS) 36
Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP for Bulgaria) 23
There is Such a People (PP-ITN) 11
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
182
Number of women elected
58
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
24.17%
Women Directly Elected
58

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
182
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
58
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
12.04.2023
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Rosen Zhelyazkov (Male)
Political party
Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria Party (GERB) - Union of Democratic Forces (UDF)
Date of election
19.04.2023