Bosnia and Herzegovina

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
02.10.2022
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.10.2026
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
42
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
752
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
33

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The 2022 elections once again returned a fragmented House of Representatives with 14 parties sharing the 42 seats (28 members are elected from the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and 14 from the Republika Srpska, RS). The largest party in each entity remained unchanged and retained the same number of seats as in the previous legislature: the Party of Democratic Action (SDA, led by Mr. Bakir Izetbegović, and in power since the end of the war in 1996) in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (SNSD, led by Mr. Milorad Dodik) in the RS.

The country's executive branch consists of the tripartite presidency and the Prime Minister (Chairperson of the Council of Ministers). In the Bosniak presidency, Mr. Denis Bećirović defeated the incumbent president, Mr. Izetbegović (SDA). In the Croat presidency, the incumbent, President Zeljko Komsić (Democratic Front (DF) – Civic Alliance (GS)), defeated the outgoing Speaker of the House of Representatives, Ms. Borjana Krišto of the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ). In the Serb presidency, Ms. Željka Cvijanović (SNSD), a close ally of the incumbent, President Dodik (see note), was declared elected after a vote recount demanded by the opposition. Ms. Cvijanović therefore became the first woman to assume the Serb presidency. She defeated Mr. Mirko Šarović (SDS List). The new tripartite presidency was sworn in on 16 November.

The SNSD, HDZ and the Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina (SDP) subsequently agreed to form a coalition government under Ms. Krišto (HDZ). On 22 December, the tripartite presidency appointed her as the Prime Minister (Chairwoman of the Council of Ministers). On 28 December, the House of Representatives confirmed Ms. Krišto’s premiership. She therefore became the first woman in Bosnia and Herzegovina to assume the post. On 25 January 2023, the House of Representatives approved her cabinet.

Note:
The incumbent pro-Russian Serb President, Mr. Dodik, who has repeatedly said his goal was the secession of the RS from Bosnia and Herzegovina, did not run for the tripartite presidency in 2022. However, he was elected as the President of the RS, succeeding Ms. Cvijanović, the new Serb tripartite President. The opposition parties, which endorsed Ms. Jelena Trivić, demanded a vote recount after alleging irregularities. On 28 October, the election commission confirmed Mr. Dodik’s re-election. Mr. Dodik reiterated his promise about the secession of the RS.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
14
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
42.42%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
21.43%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
4
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (SNSD), Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina (SDP), People and Justice (NAROD I PRAVDA)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total Federation B. & H. Republika Srpska
Party of Democratic Action (SDA) 9 8 1
Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (SNSD) 6 0 6
Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina (SDP) 5 5 0
HDZ BiH, HSS, HSP BiH, HKDU, HSPAS, HDU, HSPHB, HRAST 4 4 0
Democratic Front (DF) - Civic Alliance (GS) 3 3 0
People and Justice (NAROD I PRAVDA) 3 3 0
Our Party (NASA STRANKA) 2 2 0
National European Alliance (NES) - New Generation (ZA) 2 2 0
Serb Democratic Party (SDS) 2 0 2
Party of Democratic Progress (PDP) 2 0 2
Bosnian-Herzegovinian Initiative - Kasumović Fuad 1 1 0
For Justice and Order (ZA PRAVDU I RED) - Nebojše Vukanovića 1 0 1
Democratic Alliance - DEMOS 1 0 1
United Srpska 1 0 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
35
Number of women elected
7
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
16.67%
Women Directly Elected
7

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
35
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
7
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
01.12.2022
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Denis vizdić (Male)
Political party
People and Justice (NAROD I PRAVDA)
Date of election
01.12.2022
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Marinko Čavara (Male)
Political party
HDZ BiH, HSS, HSP BiH, HKDU, HSPAS, HDU, HSPHB, HRAST
Date of election
01.12.2022
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Nebojša Radmanović (Male)
Political party
Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (SNSD)
Date of election
01.12.2022