Bhutan

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
20.04.2023
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.04.2028
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
20
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
89

There is no party system, or all candidates stood as independents.

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
485,811
Votes Number of people who actually voted
265,441
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
54.64%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
All candidates ran as independents, as the membership of the 25-member National Council is not party-based, unlike the National Assembly (lower chamber). In 2023, 89 candidates (down from 121 in 2018) vied for the 20 seats at stake. One woman was elected, down from two in 2018. The King subsequently appointed the five remaining members, including two women.

The 2023 elections were the first to be held under the 2022 law (see note). The Election Commission stated that it had developed the law in view of holding elections “in a free and fair manner, curbing electoral corruption and further raising the standard of electoral participation”.

Note:
The Rules on Elections Conduct in the Kingdom of Bhutan, 2022, require candidates to submit additional certificates for their educational, professional and financial backgrounds. They also set higher penalty fees in the event of breaches of electoral law.
Source: https://www.ecb.bt/rules-on-elections-conduct-in-the-kingdom-of-bhutan-2022/

There is no data on political parties, for example because there is no party system or candidates stood as independents.

Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
19
Number of women elected
1
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
5%
Women Directly Elected
1
Women Appointed
2

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
22
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
3
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
18
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
10.05.2023
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Sangay Dorji (Male)
Date of election
10.05.2023