Bhutan

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
09.01.2024
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
31.10.2023
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.01.2029
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
47
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
2

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
498,135
Votes Number of people who actually voted
326,775
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
65.6%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The People's Democratic Party (PDP), led by former Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay, won the general election, taking 30 seats in the 47-seat National Assembly. The Bhutan Tendrel Party (BTP), a new party, led by Mr. Pema Chewang, took the remainder. Only two women were elected in 2024, down from seven in 2018. On 28 January 2024, Mr. Tobgay was sworn in for a second term in office (see note).

The 2024 elections were the first to be held after the COVID-19 pandemic, which affected the country’s economy. During election campaigning, both the PDP and BTP focused on economic growth and job creation, as well as the “happiness and well-being of the people” – a reference to the country’s “Gross National Happiness” index. The PDP also said it would like to maintain a good relationship with India.

Note:
The terms of office of the outgoing legislature and government ended on 31 October 2023. On 1 November, King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck appointed an interim government led by Chief Justice Chogyal Dago Rigdzin.
In primary elections held on 30 November 2023, the two parties that would contest the general election were selected. Both parties in the outgoing legislature – Prime Minister Tobgay’s Druk Nyamrup Tshogpa (DNT) and Druk Phuensum Tshogpa (DPT) – were eliminated.
After the general election, the King appoints the leader of the largest party in the National Assembly as the Prime Minister.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
2
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
100%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
63.83%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
1
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
People's Democratic Party (PDP)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
People's Democratic Party (PDP) 30
Bhutan Tendrel Party (BTP) 17
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
45
Number of women elected
2
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
4.26%
Other notes
Note on the timing of election:
The National Assembly’s five-year term expired on 31 October 2023. An interim government, appointed by the King, is required to organize elections within 90 days of the term expiring. The January 2024 elections are thus considered to have been held upon normal expiry.
Women Directly Elected
2

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
45
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
2
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
35
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
25.01.2024
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Lungten Dorji (Male)
Political party
People's Democratic Party (PDP)
Date of election
25.01.2024