Zimbabwe

National AssemblySenate

National Assembly

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
23.08.2023
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.08.2028
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
280
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s ZANU-PF party (in power since independence in 1980) won the majority in both chambers of parliament. It took 175 seats in the 280-member National Assembly (see note 1) and 33 of the 60 seats at stake in the 80-member Senate. The Citizens Coalition for Change (CCC), the main opposition party, led by Mr. Nelson Chamisa, came second, winning 104 and 27 seats respectively. 

In the presidential election, held in parallel with the parliamentary elections, the incumbent, President Mnangagwa (ZANU-PF), was declared elected. His main challenger, Mr. Chamisa (CCC), rejected the results, claiming irregularities, rigging of the elections and voter intimidation (see note 2). 

The 2023 elections were the first to be held under the rule of President Mnangagwa, who was first elected in 2018. The key electoral issues included economic challenges, corruption and access to social services. 

On 25 August 2023, the EU Election Observation Mission stated that “the election process fell short of many regional and international standards, including equality, universality, and transparency”. The UN Secretary-General expressed concerns over the arrest of observers, reports of voter intimidation and threats of violence. 

Note 1:
The number of members in the National Assembly increased from 270 to 280 due to 10 additional seats reserved for candidates aged between 21 and 35. The youth quota was created by Act N.2, 2021, which amended the Constitution. The youth quota, as well as 60 seats reserved for women (which had been created under the 2013 constitutional amendments and applied to the 2013 and 2018 elections), will apply to the four Parliaments to be elected after the 2021 constitutional amendments (i.e., elections in 2023, 2028, 2033 and 2038).

Note 2:
Voting was extended into an unprecedented second day due to delays in printing ballot papers in several districts, including the capital, Harare, an opposition stronghold. Police arrested 41 election monitors, accusing them of attempting to announce results before the election commission.
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
62.5%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total Majority Women seats Youth seats
ZANU-PF 175 135 33 7
Citizens Coalition for Change (CCC) 104 74 27 3
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
86
Number of women elected
193
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
68.93%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
There is one vacancy.
Sources
Parliament (12.09.2023)
www.eeas.europa.eu 


https://www.eeas.europa.eu/eom-zimbabwe-2023/curtailed-rights-and-lack-level-playing-field-compounde... 


www.aljazeera.com 


www.press.un.org 


www.lemonde.fr 


www.reuters.com 


www.bbc.com
Women Directly Elected
86

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
193
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
86
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
08.09.2023
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
J.F.N. Mudenda (Male)
Political party
ZANU-PF
Date of election
08.09.2023