Spain

Congress of DeputiesSenate

Congress of Deputies

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
23.07.2023
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Early election
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.07.2027
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
350
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
No party won an outright majority in the early general elections held in July 2023. The People's Party (PP), led by Mr. Alberto Núñez Feijóo, became the largest force in both chambers taking 136 seats in the 350-member Congress of Deputies and 120 seats in the 265-member Senate. The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), led by Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez, became the second largest force in both chambers with 122 and 72 seats respectively. 





The snap elections in July 2023 followed a setback for the PSOE in local and regional elections held on 28 May. General elections were constitutionally due by early 2024 (see note). The key electoral issues included gender issues, the LGBTIQ+ agenda, and the nationalist and independentist movements.





Note:


The four-year term of the outgoing legislature started in December 2019, and was thus due to expire in December 2023. In accordance with Article 68.6 of the Constitution, elections were due between 30 and 60 days thereafter.
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
38.86%
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
People's Party (PP) 136
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 122
Vox 33
SUMAR 31
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 7
Junts per Catalunya (“Together for Catalonia”, JxCAT) - Junts 7
Unite Basque Country (Euskal Herria Bildueh Bildu, EH Bildu) 6
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) 5
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 1
Canarian Coalition 1
Navarrese People's Union (UPN) 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
195
Number of women elected
155
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
44.29%
Sources
Women Directly Elected
155

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
195
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
155
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
200
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
17.08.2023
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Francina Armengol (Female)
Political party
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Date of election
17.08.2023