Slovakia

National Council

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
30.09.2023
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
30.09.2023
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Early election
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.09.2027
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
150
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
2,722
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
2,032
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
690
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
25.35%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
25

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
4,388,872
Votes Number of people who actually voted
3,007,123
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
68.52%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
As was the case in previous elections, no party secured an outright majority in the early elections of 2023. Smer - Social Democracy (Smer-SD), led by former Prime Minister Robert Fico, became the first political force with 42 seats in the 150-member National Council. Progressive Slovakia (PS), led by European Parliament Vice President Mr. Michal Šimečka, came second, winning 32 seats, followed by the Voice (Hlas) - SD party, led by former Prime Minister Peter Pellegrini (formerly Smer-SD), which took 27 seats.



On 2 October, President Zuzana Čaputová invited Mr. Fico (Smer-SD) to form a new government. On 16 October, the Smer-SD party formed a three-party coalition with Hlas (“Voice”)-SD and the Slovak National Party (SNS, led by former Speaker Andrej Danko). On 25 October, President Čaputová officially appointed Mr. Fico Prime Minister. He was assuming the post for the fourth time.



The 2023 snap elections followed the dissolution of the governing coalition in December 2022, triggered by a no-confidence vote (note). Elections were constitutionally due by 2024. The key electoral issues included Slovakia's military support for Ukraine, European Union policies (including migration and sanctions against Russia), the economy and LGBT rights.



Note: 

The governing coalition formed after the 2020 elections comprised OL’aNO, We Are Family (Sme Rodina), Freedom and Solidarity (SaS), and For the People (Za Ľudí). It lost its majority when SaS withdrew its support from the government in September 2022.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
7
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
28%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
28%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
3
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Smer - Social Democracy (Smer-SD), Hlas (“Voice”) - SD party, Slovak National Party (SNS)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Smer - Social Democracy (Smer-SD) 42
Progressive Slovakia (PS) 32
Hlas (“Voice”) - SD 27
Coalition OĽaNO and Friends, 'For the People' and 'Christian Union' 16
Christian Democratic Movement (KDH) 12
Freedom and Solidarity (SaS) 11
Slovak National Party (SNS) 10
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
117
Number of women elected
33
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
22%
Other notes
Note on date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature:

The date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature above refers to the date of the end of the mandate of the outgoing members. 

When the parliamentary term is shortened (as was the case for the 2023 elections), the term of the outgoing members expires on the day of the elections to the National Council (i.e. 30 September 2023).
Women Directly Elected
33

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
117
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
33
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
73
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
25.10.2023
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Pete Pellegrini (Male)
Political party
Hlas (“Voice”) - SD
Date of election
25.10.2023