Bangladesh

Parliament

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
07.01.2024
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
30.01.2024
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.01.2029
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
300
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,973
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
1,873
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
99
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
5.02%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
28
Number of other candidates Number of other candidates
1

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
119,689,289
Votes Number of people who actually voted
50,030,122
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
41.8%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The Bangladesh Awami League (AL), led by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, won a fourth consecutive term, taking 224 of the 300 seats at stake in the 350-member Parliament (see note 1). In addition, 62 independent candidates – most of them reportedly close to the AL – were elected. Opposition parties, including the AL’s main rival, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP, led by former Prime Minister Khaleda Zia), boycotted the 2024 elections (see note 2). On 11 January, President Mohammed Shahabuddin (AL) swore in Ms. Hasina as Prime Minister. On 30 January, the newly elected Parliament re-elected Ms. Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury (AL) as its Speaker for a fourth consecutive term.



The 2024 elections were marred by accusations of fraud and irregularities. In November 2023, UN experts expressed concerns over the arrests of senior opposition leaders and the arbitrary detention of thousands of political activists. On 6 January 2024, the BNP called for a 48-hour general strike and election boycott. According to the Election Commission, turnout was 41.8%, which the opposition parties said was too high. Prime Minister Hasina stated the 2024 elections were free and fair. Key electoral issues included the economy and the fairness of the election process.



Note 1:

In addition to the 300 general seats, 50 seats are reserved for women. They are distributed to political parties in proportion to their overall share of the votes received in the general election. In 2024, 20 women were also directly elected under the 300 general seats. The newly elected legislature will thus comprise 70 women out of 350 members.



Note 2: 

In November 2023, the BNP said it would boycott the 2024 elections unless the Prime Minister transferred power to a non-partisan caretaker government to organize the elections. This caretaker system was abolished by constitutional amendments in 2011.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
5
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
17.86%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
74.67%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Bangladesh Awami League (AL) 224
Jatiya Party (Ershad) 11
Bangladesh Kalyan Party 1
Jatiya Samajtantric Dal (JSD) 1
Workers Party of Bangladesh 1
Independents 62
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
280
Number of women elected
20
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
6.67%
Women Directly Elected
20
Women Indirectly Elected
50

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
280
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
70
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
30.01.2024
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury (Female)
Political party
Bangladesh Awami League (AL)
Date of election
30.01.2024