Portugal

Assembly of the Republic

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
10.03.2024
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
15.01.2024
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Early election
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.09.2028
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
230
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
4,678
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
10,818,226
Votes Number of people who actually voted
6,473,789
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
59.84%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
No party won an outright majority in the 230-member Assembly of the Republic at the early parliamentary elections, which were held only two years after the previous snap elections. The Democratic Alliance (AD), led by Mr. Luís Montenegro’s Social Democratic Party (PPD/PSD), came first with 80 seats (see note ). The Socialist Party (PS), led by Mr. Pedro Nuno Santos, significantly reduced its share of seats from 120 to 77 seats. On the contrary, Chega, led by Mr. André Ventura, quadrupled its share of seats from 12 to 50, and remained the third-largest party in parliament. The number of women decreased from 85 to 75. The PS leader conceded defeat and announced that the PS would go into opposition, while the AD ruled out forming a coalition government involving Chega.

On 21 March, President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa invited Mr. Montenegro (PPD/PSD) to form a new government. Mr. Montenegro announced a minority government comprising only the AD. His Cabinet took office on 2 April.

Early elections in 2024 followed the resignation of Prime Minister António Costa (PS) in November 2023 amid a corruption investigation. On 9 November 2023, President Rebelo de Sousa called early elections for March 2024. Key electoral issues in 2024 included corruption, the increasing costs of housing, and low wages in the country.

Note:
The Democratic Alliance (AD) comprised the PPD/PSD, the Democratic and Social Centre - People's Party (CDS-PP) and the People's Monarchist Party (PPM). The PPD/PSD - CDS-PP - PPM won 77 seats, and the PPD/PSD - CDS-PP took 3 seats. Only the PPD/PSD and the CDS-PP joined the new Cabinet.
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
33.91%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
2
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Social Democratic Party (PPD/PSD), People's Party (CDS-PP)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Socialist Party (PS) 78
Social Democratic Party (PPD/PSD) - Democratic and Social Centre - People's Party (CDS-PP) - People's Monarchist Party (PPM) 77
Chega (CH) 50
Liberal Initiative (IL) 8
Left Bloc (BE) 5
Unitary Democratic Coalition (CDU) 4
LIVRE (L) 4
Social Democratic Party (PPD/PSD) - Democratic and Social Centre - People's Party (CDS-PP) 3
Party for People, Animals and Nature (PAN) 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
155
Number of women elected
75
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
32.61%
Women Directly Elected
75

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
155
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
75
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
26.03.2024
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
José Pedro Aguiar Branco (Male)
Political party
Social Democratic Party (PPD/PSD)
Date of election
27.03.2024