Poland

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
15.10.2023
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.10.2027
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
460
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
6,333
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
3,514
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
2,819
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
44.51%

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
29,532,595
Votes Number of people who actually voted
21,966,891
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
74.38%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki’s Law and Justice party (PiS) remained the largest force in the 460-member Sejm with 194 seats, but it fell short of a majority. Civic Coalition (KO), led by Mr. Donald Tusk, a former Prime Minister of Poland and President of the European Council, came second with 157 seats. The Third Way coalition, formed by the Polish People's Party (PSL) and Polska 2050, came third with 65. In the 100-member Senate, KO became the largest force, taking 41 seats. PiS came second with 34 seats, followed by Third Way with 11. On 6 November, President Andrzej Duda (independent, backed by PiS) invited Mr. Morawiecki to form a government.

The 2023 elections were held in parallel with a referendum. The opposition parties called for a boycott of the referendum. It did not receive the requisite 50% turnout to validate the results. Nevertheless, questions asked in the referendum, such as on European Union asylum and migration policy, and the removal of the border barrier with Belarus, became the major electoral issues, along with the war in Ukraine, security, economic stability, and social policies.
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
42.17%
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Law and Justice (PiS) 194
Civic Coalition (KO) 157
The Third Way 65
The New Left (Nowa Lewica) 26
Confederation Liberty and Independence (KWiN) 18
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
325
Number of women elected
135
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
29.35%
Other notes
Note on the First Speaker of the new legislature:
Mr. Szymon Hołownia is the leader of Polska 2050, which was part of the Third Way coalition in the 2023 elections.
Women Directly Elected
135

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
325
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
135
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
117
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
13.11.2023
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Szymon Hołownia (Male)
Political party
The Third Way
Date of election
13.11.2023