Pakistan

National AssemblySenate

National Assembly

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
08.02.2024
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
09.08.2023
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Delayed elections
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
28.02.2029
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
336
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
No party won an outright majority in the delayed general election held in February 2024 (see note 1). Independent candidates, mostly backed by imprisoned former Prime Minister Imran Khan, became the largest force in the 336-member National Assembly, winning over 100 seats (note 2). The Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), led by former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, became the largest parliamentary party, winning 75 seats. The Pakistan People's Party Parliamentarians (PPPP) led by Mr. Bilawal Bhutto Zardari – the 35-year-old son of assassinated former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto – followed with 54 seats.

On 3 March, the National Assembly approved a new coalition government led by Mr. Shehbaz Sharif (PML-N), supported by PPPP, Muttahida Qaumi Movement Pakistan (MQM (P)), Pakistan Muslim League (PML), Istehkam-e-Pakistan Party (IPP), Pakistan Muslim League (Zia) (PML (Z)), Balochistan Awami Party (BAP), National Party (NP).

The 2024 elections were held under a caretaker government, which had been led by Mr. Anwar-ul-Haq Kakar since August 2023. The elections were marked by violent incidents and attacks. The key electoral issues included economic questions, transparency, and the fairness of the elections. 

Note 1:
Parliamentary elections are to be held within 90 days of the dissolution of the National Assembly. The five-year term of the outgoing legislature elected in 2018 expired in August 2023. The elections were thus due by November 2023.
In November 2023, the election commission said it needed time to redraw constituency boundaries after the latest census, effectively delaying the elections. The number of single-member constituencies decreased from 272 to 266. As was the case in the previous legislature, there are 60 seats reserved for women and 10 seats for non-Muslim minorities. The new National Assembly thus comprises a total of 336 members, instead of 342 as previously.

Note 2: 
Supporters of Mr. Khan ran as independents. The election commission barred his Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party from contesting the polls under its iconic electoral symbol (a cricket bat).
Mr. Khan was ousted as Prime Minister in a no-confidence vote in April 2022. Mr. Shehbaz Sharif (PML-N) succeeded him. Mr. Khan has been imprisoned since August 2023 and faces multiple charges, including corruption and incitement to violence. He denies all the allegations. The election commission banned him from national politics for five years.
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Not applicable
Note on the alternation of power
The composition of the Government changed before the 2024 elections.
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
8
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) (PML (N)), Pakistan People's Party Parliamentarians (PPPP), Muttahida Qaumi Movement Pakistan (MQM (P)), Pakistan Muslim League (PML), Istehkam-e-Pakistan Party (IPP), Pakistan Muslim League (Zia) (PML (Z)), Balochistan Awami Party (BAP), National Party (NP)
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
253
Number of women elected
11
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
3.27%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
- The election was postponed in one of the 266 constituencies due to the death of a candidate.
- Initially, 12 women were among the 265 directly elected members.
- Before the first session of the newly elected National Assembly, held on 29 February 2024, one woman vacated her seat to become Chief Minister of the Punjab Province. There were thus 11 women out of 264 directly elected members with two vacancies.
- By 1 March 2024, 39 out of 60 reserved seats had been confirmed (i.e. 21 vacancies remained).
- Initially, 7 of the 10 seats reserved for non-Muslim minorities were allotted. However, one of the non-Muslim appointees was also directly elected. There were thus 6 minority members appointed (all male) with four vacancies.
- As at 1 March 2024, there was a total of 309 members of whom 50 were women, with 27 vacancies.
Other notes
Note on the date of the first session:
In accordance with Article 91 (2) of the Constitution, “The National Assembly shall meet on the twenty-first day following the day on which a general election to the Assembly is held, unless sooner summoned by the President”.

Note on the Parties or coalitions winning seats
Most of the independent candidates backed by former Prime Minister Khan joined the Sunni Ittehad Council (SIC) before the first session of the newly elected National Assembly, held on 29 February 2024. As at 4 March, the National Assembly comprised the following parties.

GOVERNMENT SIDE (205 seats):
Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) PML (N): 106 seats
Pakistan People's Party Parliamentarians (PPPP): 67 seats
Muttahida Qaumi Movement Pakistan (MQM(P)): 21 seats
Pakistan Muslim League (PML): 4 seats
Istehkam-e-Pakistan Party (IPP): 4 seats
Pakistan Muslim League (Zia) (PML (Z)): 1 seat
Balochistan Awami Party (BAP): 1 seat
National Party (NP): 1 seat

OPPOSITION SIDE (102 seats):
Sunni Ittehad Council (SIC): 84 seats
Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam Pakistan (JUI-P): 8 seats
Independents (IND): 7 seats
Balochistan National Party (BNP): 1 seat
Majlis Wahdat-e-Muslimeen Pakistan (MWM(P)): 1 seat
Pashtunkhwa Milli Awami Party (PKMAP): 1 seat
Women Directly Elected
11
Women Other
39

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
259
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
50
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
29.02.2024
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Sardar Ayaz Sadiq (Male)
Political party
Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N)
Date of election
01.03.2024