New Zealand

House of Representatives

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
14.10.2023
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.09.2026
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
123
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
567
Notes
- Under the mixed member proportional (MMP) electoral system used in New Zealand, candidates can stand as an electorate candidate, a list candidate, or both. 

- In 2023, a total of 449 candidates (261 men and 188 women) ran for the list seats (filled under a proportional representation system), while 486 (300 men and 186 women) ran for the electorate seats (where a majority system is used). Some candidates are thus double counted.

- The number of candidates in this section refers to the actual number of people who ran for election, and is not double counted.

- Candidates can state their gender from the options of ‘male’, ‘female’, or ‘other’. However, this is not a compulsory field for candidates to complete. 

- The category ‘other’ (above) includes four candidates who selected ‘other’ as their gender, and five candidates who did not state their gender.
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
329
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
229
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
40.39%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
17
Number of other candidates Number of other candidates
9

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
3,688,292
Votes Number of people who actually voted
2,884,111
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
78.2%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The Labour Party, led by Prime Minister Chris Hipkins, lost its majority in the 123-member Parliament in 2023 (see note). It won 34 seats (down from 65). On the contrary, the National Party, led by former businessman Christopher Luxon, increased its share of seats from 33 to 49 seats and became the largest force in the new legislature. The Maori party tripled its share from two to six seats.



On 24 November, Mr. Luxon announced a coalition government comprising his National Party, ACT New Zealand and New Zealand First. On 27 November, Governor General Cindy Kiro swore in Mr. Luxon as Prime Minister along with the ministers of his cabinet.



The 2023 elections were the first to be held with Prime Minister Hipkins in office. He came to power in January 2023 after Ms. Jacinda Ardern resigned as Prime Minister and announced that she would not stand for re election. The key electoral issues included public debt, rising housing costs, relations with the indigenous Maori population, and climate change, as well as foreign and defence policy.



Note:

New Zealand uses the Mixed Member Proportional system. In cases where parties win more electoral seats than their share of seats as determined by the party vote, they may keep the extras, known as "overhang seats". Two overhang seats were allotted to the Maori Party in 2023, bringing the total number of Members of Parliament to 123, instead of the statutory 120.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
6
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
35.29%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
39.84%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
3
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
National Party, ACT New Zealand and New Zealand First
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total Electorate seats List seats
National Party 49 44 5
Labour Party 34 17 17
Green Party 15 3 12
ACT New Zealand 11 2 9
New Zealand First 8 0 8
Maori Party 6 6 0
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
67
Number of women elected
56
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
45.53%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
- By the announcement of the official results on 3 November, 122 of the 123 seats had been confirmed, of which 54 had been won by women.

- On 25 November, a deferred election was held in Port Waikato, where the election had been postponed due to the death of a candidate. 

- A male candidate of the National Party, who had already been elected under the party list, won the election, bringing the total tally for the party to 49 out of the full 123 members. A woman candidate on the list of the National Party replaced the male candidate who won the electoral seat, bringing the total number of women to 55.

- Meanwhile, a male candidate elected under the Labour Party ticket announced he would not take up his seat and was replaced by a woman, bringing the total number of women to 56.

- As at 12 December 2023, there were thus 56 women out of the full 123 members.
Women Directly Elected
56

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
67
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
56
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
41
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
05.12.2023
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Gerry Brownlee (Male)
Political party
National Party
Date of election
05.12.2023